what date and when will the end?

We will soon switch to winter time and this new time change will not be the last. The European Parliament’s vote in favor of ending this practice has still not been recorded by the Council of the EU, which has the last word. What is really going on? We will explain everything to you.

The end of October rhymes with the switch to winter time. Despite the end of the time change announced a few years ago, habits should not change immediately. Yet in March 2019, the European Parliament had adopted a directive for the abolition of the time change in 2021. Each state had the latitude to retain summer or winter time.

We have come to an end and nothing has changed. And for good reason, there is still a problem of harmonizing hours at member state level. For the Council of the EU, this harmonization is essential for the application of the directive. Discussions still need to be conducted in this direction. But the Covid-19 has been there and this subject has left the list of priorities.

Date of the 2021 time change: when do we switch to standard time?

The next move to winter time will take place on Sunday 31 October 2021. It will be on the night of Saturday 30 to Sunday 31 October 2021 to be more precise. We’ll have to set the clock back an hour… you know the song. At 3 a.m., it will actually be 2 a.m.

The trick to knowing whether to go forward or backward is very simple. It is mnemonic: each year, we switch to summer time at the end of March. The following month is that ofOFril: so it is necessary advance the clock by one hour. The change to winter time takes place in OctoberRE. We must therefore go back one hour.

When is the end of the time change?

Will the switch to winter time 2021 be the last time change in France? The answer is no… Already because the French have chosen to keep summer time. The summer change of March 2021 was therefore to spell the end of this controversial habit. It all started with a proposal from the European Commission supported by a public consultation in July 2018.

The result was clear: 84% of Europeans were in favor of abolishing the time change. The European Parliament finally adopted a directive in March 2019. MEPs thus set the end of the time change at 2021, thus amending the initial proposal which suggested an abolition as early as 2019.

It must be said that in the meantime, at a meeting of transport ministers organized in Austria, they agreed that 2021 was a more reasonable deadline. The European Parliament has left the choice to each Member State to retain the time that suits it. In France, the National Assembly carried out a poll from February 4 to March 3, 2019.

The French don’t like winter time

More than 2 million French people responded to the public consultation and 83.71% were in favor of removing the time change. 59.17% of respondents replied that they preferred to stay in daylight saving time. If everything had gone as planned, Sunday March 28, 2021 was to mark the last time change in France.

Only, the Council of the EU has yet to validate the directive of the European Parliament. States should set up a coordination mechanism to harmonize the choice of time. Indeed, too great a disparity would negatively affect the single market, in particular in the field of transport. Discussions in the Council have not advanced for months.

The last exchanges date back to December 2, 2019, the fault of the Covid-19 which upset the priorities. Waiting for, the end of the time change will surely be postponed to 2022 at the earliest.

What is the origin of the time change?

First introduced during World War I in 1916, the time change had an economic purpose. It was necessary to reduce the waste of energy while lighting was at the time one of the most important items of energy consumption. The idea was to take advantage of an additional hour of natural sunshine at night in summer.

The system was abandoned for the first time in 1945 at the end of the Second World War. In 1976, it made its appearance again in France following the oil shock of 1973, under the leadership of the government of Jacques Chirac. The lighting was still largely based on incandescent lamps very greedy in energy. In 1998, the time change was harmonized throughout the European Union.

Why is this habit so controversial?

The real savings induced by the time change have always been a subject of debate, and this from the beginning. The question of its relevance arises all the more today as energy-saving lighting devices (LED bulbs, disappearance of filament lamps, etc.) have become the norm in recent decades. This habit has nevertheless continued over time.

Rest, studies have shown that the practice has adverse health effects. In spring in particular, the disruption of sleep habits would increase the severity and number of heart attacks up to a week after the time change.

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