Understand what is intestinal obstruction, symptoms and treatment

Several serious conditions can affect a person’s digestive system throughout their lifetime. THE bowel obstruction, which affects more than 150,000 Brazilians a year, is one of those diseases considered very serious and harmful to health.

This condition gastrointestinal, in addition to bringing its own risks, it can indicate the presence of other even more complex and harmful diseases for the body. That is why it is very important to understand what this condition is, how it forms in the intestine and what treatments can be done to treat it. And, unsurprisingly, technology plays an important role in monitoring this disease.

What is intestinal obstruction?

This is a condition that is characterized by the physical impediment of the passage of feces and gases in the intestine.Fonte:  Shutterstock

As the name may indicate, intestinal obstruction is nothing more than a physical impediment to the passage of feces or gases through the intestine, an integral part of the digestive system. This condition is identified when there is a decrease (total or partial) of the intestinal path, which can happen due to a tumor, inflammation and intestinal bands (strings of scar and fibrous tissue formed after an abdominal operation).

Bowel obstruction is usually easily detected because of its symptoms. Therefore, it is very common to have a quick diagnosis in case a patient has difficulty in evacuating or eliminating gases, abdominal swelling, severe nausea and pain located in the abdomen region.

How can bowel obstruction become serious?

If not treated quickly, the condition can prove to be increased pressure and possibly perforation of the bowel.If not treated quickly, the condition can lead to increased pressure and possibly perforation of the bowel.Fonte:  Shutterstock

This condition begins to draw a lot of attention from doctors when it is detected with the accumulation of feces and gas in the intestine. This ends up significantly increasing the pressure inside the organ, a factor that can cause serious complications, such as intestinal perforation and consequent generalized infection – and that can quickly lead the patient to death.

Therefore, if there is any indication of intestinal obstruction, it is very important to seek medical help to immediately confirm the diagnosis. In this way, treatment can be started quickly, reducing the chances of complications and decreasing the severity of symptoms for the patient.

Possible causes of obstruction

The cause of intestinal obstruction can be quite varied.The cause of intestinal obstruction can be quite varied.Fonte:  Shutterstock

Several factors can be considered causes of intestinal obstruction. However, the most common are:

  • intestinal accumulation of worms (known as ascaris bolus);
  • intestinal torsion;
  • intestinal bands (tissue adhesions to the walls of the intestine, more common in people who have had abdominal surgery);
  • hernias;
  • intestinal endometriosis;
  • intestinal tumors (especially those that occur in the large intestine);
  • rectal and colon cancer;
  • inflammatory bowel diseases (such as Crohn’s disease and rectocolitis);
  • gallstones;
  • acute paralysis of bowel movement;
  • intestinal adhesions;
  • diverticulitis;
  • enteritis due to radiation used to treat cancer;
  • bowel ischemia.

It is also important to note that these diseases mentioned above are capable of causing an abrupt and complete obstruction of the intestine, which calls for even more medical attention. However, more generally, each and every identified case of this condition requires specific, appropriate and as soon as possible treatment.

most common symptoms

The symptom picture of intestinal obstruction can vary depending on the severity of the condition. However, it is common to find the following symptoms:

  • vomiting and nausea;
  • constipation;
  • abdominal region with severe pain;
  • diarrhea;
  • considerable swelling in the abdomen;
  • decreased appetite.

It is worth mentioning that the intensity of these conditions can also vary according to the affected region of the organ in the obstruction. If the impediment happens more towards the center of the intestine, the symptomatic picture tends to be different if the condition is identified more towards the end of the organ. In addition, the disease that caused the obstruction can bring other ills to the clinical picture.

Treatments and prevention

Treatments for this condition may vary depending on the severity of the symptom and the location of the obstruction. However, it is very important to avoid self-medication if any symptoms are identified, which can further complicate the problem.

At first, it is common for the doctor to request some tests to confirm the diagnosis. An abdominal x-ray, laboratory blood tests, and a CT scan are the most common procedures in this case. As treatments, a tube may be used to relieve abdominal pressure. Depending on the severity of the obstruction, surgical intervention may be necessary.

In general, we can say that there is prevention depending on the cause of the obstruction. It is recommended to use a diet rich in fiber, fluids and essential nutrients. In addition, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle with regular physical exercise and routine medical follow-up.

Do you know someone who has suffered or is suffering from intestinal obstruction? What other evils would you like to see explained here on our website? As in the case of the vaccine for covid-19, care and prevention are essential to deal with this condition.

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