THE diabetes It is a disease that affects millions of people all over the world, and its main characteristic is the increase in the level of glucose in the blood. By presenting two specific types of causes, there are many doubts about how diabetes Type 1 and diabetes type 2 must be treated.
In this way, for you to understand the differences between them, we seek to gather in this article, the main information on the subject.
Check it out below!
Diabetes: differences between types 1 and 2
Diabetes can have a number of consequences for the patient in case of lack of treatment. (Source: Unsplash/Play)Source: Unsplash
The main differences between type 1 and 2 diabetes are related to how the disease develops in the individual. In the first case, which often appears in childhood, the pancreas stops producing insulin to the body, which causes the glucose present not to be taken to the cells, thus causing an excess of sugar in the blood, called hyperglycemia.
In the second case, although it may have a genetic origin, the site Metabolic New Life says that in 90% of the time it appears due to the affected person’s lifestyle, which includes an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle.
This causes two things to happen: either the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin to metabolize glucose, or the organs become insulin resistant, causing the body to no longer respond to the hormone.
Due to changes in eating habits seen in recent decades, several experts point to an increasing number of type 2 diabetes in society, warning of the need to seek a healthy diet with vegetables, fruits, meats and grains, at the same time that ultra-processed foods are excluded.
In both cases, diabetes increases the risk of a series of complications, such as infections, problems in organs such as eyes, heart, kidneys and livers, amputations, among others.
Due to the seriousness of the situation, it is necessary to pay attention to all the signs provided by the body, such as weight loss, tiredness, recurrent trips to the bathroom to urinate and blurred vision.
Especially when it comes to type 2 diabetes, many people are unaware that they have the disease and only find out when they need to go to hospitals for other complications. In this way, it is important to keep a routine of exams up to date to stay on top of everything that happens in our body, acting whenever necessary to intervene.
How is diabetes treated?
Depending on the patient’s condition, surgery is required to control the diabetes. (Source: Unsplash/Play)Source: Unsplash
THE treatmentThe of diabetes varies according to the type of disease. In the case of type 1, it is necessary to carry out daily injections of insulin to control the level of sugar in the blood, since they will be responsible for making glucose enter the cells.
For some patients, it is also necessary to use certain drugs for an even more precise control of the symptoms of the disease. Another very important point is that affected people need to adopt a balanced diet in conjunction with a daily routine of physical activities.
In the case of type 2 diabetes, the treatment is very similar, with variations in the frequency of medication doses and insulin applied. However, according to the website Metabolic New Life, as this type of disease is closely related to the person’s lifestyle, for patients who are overweight and cannot reverse this condition, metabolic surgery may be indicated for an even more precise control.
It is worth remembering that all prescriptions must be made by the doctor who is accompanying the patient, since the cases vary among themselves and a care routine for one person may not be effective for another.
Is diabetes curable?
The cure of diabetes is desired by patients and professionals from all over the planet. (Source: Unsplash/Play)Source: Unsplash
Diabetes still doesn’t have a cure found by medicine, making people who suffer from the disease need to take care of their health and control their blood sugar level for the rest of their lives.
However, currently, several researchers around the world are studying diabetes, in order to find a cure in the coming years. This offers a little hope for those who face the symptoms of the problem on a daily basis.
The studies are complex and extensive, ranging from the use of stem cells in the treatment, to the insertion of enzymes and devices in affected people. On the internet it is possible to follow the progress of the works, which are published in the largest scientific journals in the world.
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