In modern times we can predict the occurrence of natural disasters. That way humans can be vigilant and anticipate. Another case with ancient times which is still very limited. Moreover technology, so that ancient humans could not avoid it. No wonder if natural disasters used to even destroy the ancient civilizations of the world.
Civilizations that have advanced in their time can be destroyed, nothing is left. There are even traces that are still mysterious now. Then what is the disaster? Check out the following review.
1. The eruption of Mount Vesuvius which devastated the Pompeii community
Pompeii was one of the Roman cities that was quite advanced in its time. The city that developed during the 6th century BC until the first century AD was destroyed in an instant. No exception residents in it.
Ancient History Encyclopedia noted that on February 5, 62 AD Mount Vesuvius, located near the city, had spouted hot lava. It was also accompanied by an earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter scale. Many buildings were slightly damaged and destroyed. It is estimated that thousands of locals have died. But slowly the people got up and rebuilt their cities together.
After that volcanic activity still continues, although not too dangerous. The peak occurred in mid-October 79 AD. At first the morning had thick smoke, then in the afternoon the eruption was getting bigger. The night was followed by the biggest eruption from before. As reported Ancient Origins, the temperature of volcanic ash at that time reached 300 degrees Celsius. Meanwhile, according to Ancient History Encyclopedia its explosive power is 100,000 times that of the 1945 atomic bomb explosion.
Thousands of years later the site of the ancient city was only discovered by archeologists. Tragically, they found human and animal corpses intact due to the heat of incandescent lava. Also visible expression and behavior of the population at that time was so frightened.
2. The eruption of the Thera volcano eliminates ancient Greek civilization
Around 3,500 years ago, a volcano named Thera located on the island of Santorini, Greece erupted. At that time, ancient Greece already had advanced culture and civilization. In just a matter of hours everything was destroyed, as reported by Live Science.
According to historians, the eruption was five times stronger and stronger than the Krakatoa eruption in 1883. The vibration was felt as far as 3,000 miles. Volcanic ash soared so high, as if the world of doom. The effect reaches mainland China, Antarctica, and America. An estimated 40,000 people were killed in the disaster.
Not only that, the vibrations and eruptions were also followed by tsunami waves. Its height reaches 40 feet. Of course that makes Minoa civilization completely destroyed. Since then his tracks have not been easy to find.
Also Read: History of Six Ancient Villages That Become Milestones in Samarinda’s Civilization
3. The tsunami that destroyed Alexsandria, Crete and sank Neapolis
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Journal entry Nature reported that the historian Ammianus Marcellinus succeeded in uncovering natural disasters that destroyed many ancient civilizations. On July 21, 365 AD occurred a devastating tsunami estimated to originate from the Mediterranean Sea.
The disaster was triggered by an earthquake in Greek Crete. Based on the research of experts, the earthquake was so large that it had an impact on tsunamis that hit many lands in the world. Among those affected are Africa, Greece, Sicily, and the Adriatic. Alexandria (Egypt) and Crete (Greece) were severely damaged due to the huge waves of water.
Even worse, according Pshy.or, an ancient Roman city called Neapolis sank in an instant. The city that had developed rapidly during that time was only discovered in 2010 by a team of Tunisian-Italian archeologists. It was found in Northeast Tunisia and until now not much information has been obtained.
4. Climate change and drought brought down ancient Egyptian empires and Mayan civilization
According to Eric Cline, George Washington University historian as reported Daily Mail, a series of natural disasters that occurred between the years 1225-1177 BC have destroyed ancient civilizations. One of those affected was ancient Egypt. Around 4,000 years ago there was a significant climate change. Drought also hit the kingdom of ancient Egypt. The Nile is no longer reliable, so the population is starving.
Not only that drought also encourages a large enough fire. It was based on the discovery of powdered seeds on the bottom of the Sea of Galilee by scientists. In addition they also found a decrease in the number of pine, oak, and carob trees (trees typical of ancient Mediterranean).
Meanwhile, at other times climate change has also destroyed Mayan civilization in America. Civilization that existed for thousands of years experienced a collapse in the 9th century AD.
Quoting Ancient Origins, according to the latest research the collapse is closely related to prolonged drought. Because, it causes agricultural activities, plantations, until the trade stops completely. As a result, many people are starving.
5. Floods that weaken Mohenjo Daro-Harappa’s civilization
There were two civilizations that flourished in the Indus river valley around 4,000 years ago. Both namely Mohenjo Daro and Harappa. The oldest civilization in South Asia already has an advanced socioeconomic system. Residents generally earn a living as farmers and planters. They rely on the Indus river for many things, so it is very important for the survival of the local population.
Recent research says that civilization was destroyed by floods that occurred in the river Indus. As reported The BBC that floods occur in a long time and in a row, so that salt water deposits occur. It turned out to disrupt the economic activities of the local community. People can no longer farm because the land is no longer fertile. Coupled with other factors such as conflict to expansion from outside
Those are some natural disasters that have destroyed ancient civilizations that advanced in his time. Hopefully we can take lessons.
Also Read: 6 Facts of the Nile, a Historical River in Ancient Egyptian Civilization
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