THE SindiTelebrasil, a union representing operators such as Claro, Oi, TIM and Vivo, released the Ranking of Internet Friendly Cities. The list points out the municipalities with the best regulatory conditions for mobile phone companies to offer connectivity to the population. Belo Horizonte (MG), São Paulo (SP) and Brasília (DF) were presented as the capitals that most hamper the expansion of networks.
The city with the best placement in the Ranking is São José dos Campos (SP), followed by Uberlândia (MG); both maintained the same position as the previous year. Porto Alegre (RS) it is in the 3rd overall place and in the first position among the capitals. In the last positions are Sao Paulo-SP), Limeira (SP) and Brasilia DF).
See the ranking of capital cities:
|1st place||Porto Alegre (RS)|
|2nd place||Curitiba (PR)|
|3rd place||Macapá (AP)|
|4th place||Rio Branco (AC)|
|5th place||Recife PE)|
|6th place||João Pessoa (PB)|
|7th place||Sao Luis (MA)|
|8th place||Salvador BA)|
|9th place||Porto Velho (RO)|
|10th place||Fortaleza (CE)|
|11th place||Maceió (AL)|
|12th place||Cuiabá (MT)|
|13th place||Rio de Janeiro – RJ)|
|14th place||Campo Grande, MS)|
|15th place||Vitória (ES)|
|16th place||Aracaju (SE)|
|17th place||Goiania (GO)|
|18th place||Belem (PA)|
|19th place||Boa Vista (RR)|
|20th place||Natal, RN)|
|21st place||Manaus (AM)|
|22nd place||Teresina (PI)|
|23rd place||Palmas (TO)|
|24th place||Florianópolis (SC)|
|25th place||Belo Horizonte (MG)|
|26th place||Sao Paulo-SP)|
|27th place||Brasilia DF)|
Among the capitals, it is worth mentioning João Pessoa (PB), which won 73 positions in relation to the general ranking of 2019 due to changes in the municipal law. SindiTelebrasil also points out that Brasília (DF) may appear in the top 10 positions next year due to changes in the municipality’s legislation.
São Paulo takes over a year to authorize antennas
The main problems found in the 10 worst places are related to restrictions, bureaucracy, costs and deadlines. All of them take more than 6 months to issue authorization for new infrastructures, with the municipality of São Paulo taking over a year.
Seven of these cities establish minimum distances between cellular antennas and impeding recoil above 5 meters, while six municipalities require environmental license requirements in a wide way and distance between radio base stations (ERBs) and buildings such as hospitals and schools.
In addition, none of the 10 municipalities grants a single document for approval of the installation; seven do not require new licensing for the inclusion of new infrastructures or technologies; and 6 do not determine the deadline for responding to the requests for response from the Government. Finally, nine cities require several studies and structural reports, while eight locations have authorization renewal terms of less than 10 years.
The best and worst practices of the municipalities
SindiTelebrasil points out that the best practices include authorization for ERBs in less than four months; few restrictions on the installation of ERBs and networks; centralization of administrative procedures; clearly defined documentation and no abusive fees.
The entity recommends that the municipal regulations are in accordance with federal law, establish a centralized and objective process with authorizations in less than two months and do not impose additional costs in the processing of the process.
Of the worst practices, the union points to permits for ERBs that take more than 6 months, the requirement for setbacks above 6 meters, the limitation of radiation emission, the requirement for the consent of residents neighboring the antenna locations and environmental license requirements.