Universities produce a high volume of academic articles and Course Completion Papers (TCC). To standardize scientific dissemination, the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT), established the standard NBR 14724, with rules for the presentation of academic papers.
The document establishes rules for the structure of the scientific work, both for external elements — such as the obligation to Work cover – how much of internal elements. Meeting the standard is a requirement for panel defense in undergraduate, masters and doctoral courses.
Work cover according to ABNT
All cover information must be formatted in Arial or Times New Roman font, size 12, with characters always capitalized. Alignment will always be centered. In some cases it will be necessary to bold the text.
The cover follows the margin formatting compliance for all pages of the job. The top margin and the left margin must measure 3 cm. The lower margin and the right margin, 2 cm. The text spacing must be 1.5 between lines.
The elements must be presented in a specific order determined by ABNT. Check each item.
1. Institution Name
According to ABNT rules, putting the name of the institution is optional. However, most public and private universities recommend that they be placed on the cover of academic work. The nomenclature must be written in full, without the use of abbreviations and in bold, as University of São Paulo, in reference to USP, a higher education institution with the greatest scientific production — responsible for publishing 60 thousand articles between 2014 and 2018.
2. Course name
The ABNT standard does not specify the use of the name and type of the course on the cover. However, some institutions recommend pointing out the level of education, such as undergraduate, specialization, master’s, doctorate. Text formatting must be in bold.
3. Author’s Name
Here, the name of the natural person who was responsible for creating the intellectual or artistic content of an academic work must be entered. If there is more than one author, they must be placed in alphabetical order, one line after another. Advisors, despite being mentioned on academic platforms like Lattes, should not be mentioned on the cover.
The title must be straightforward and easy to understand and objectively present the content of the academic work. It can be composed of only one word, and also an expression or phrase related to the subject, or content of the scientific production. An extra tip is to use keywords to facilitate dissemination on the internet.
Subtitle is optional. When there is, it must be marked with a colon, to differentiate from the title and present important information to clarify or complement the presentation of the work’s content.
In the subheading, it is worth the same tip of search optimization techniques (SEO) to improve indexing, to ensure better placement in the results list of search engines such as Google, Bing and Yahoo.
6. Volume number
In the case of paper publications, depending on the size of the academic work, it may be necessary to divide it into two or more volumes. If so, the volume number must appear on each cover.
The city where the work will be published must also appear on the cover. The addition of the acronym of the federation unit (UF) is recommended to avoid confusion in the case of homonymous cities.
According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), one in every 11 cities in Brazil has another municipality with the same name in another state, such as Bom Jesus, present in more than 20 federative units.
8. Year of deposit
The year in which the work was delivered must appear as the last information on the cover, completing all ABNT requirements.
Check with your institution’s academic sector if there are other specific rules for publication. At USP, for example, the binding pattern, such as material, color, among others, is at the discretion of the Graduate Commission (CPG) of each college.
The spine is an optional item. But when it exists, it also has its own rules by ABNT, and it must include the author’s name, abbreviating the first name if necessary, as well as the title of the work, abbreviating the first five words with reticence.
How do I know what my institution’s policy is?
Each institution has a manual on how to apply the rules of NBR 14724 of ABNT. In some cases, it is necessary to add the logo of the university and the institute or faculty. A simple Google search such as “institution name + NBR 14724” should lead directly to the document you need to make a perfect cover for your academic work.