National films: 9 Brazilian literary works that became films

Currently, it is very common for stories enshrined in literature be transformed into films and series, giving a new vision of events to the public. However, adaptations for the audiovisual are not something new, since this phenomenon began to happen even before the significant leaps that the film and television got with the technology.

So, for you to remember some of these adaptations, we have prepared a list with 9 brazilian literary works that ended up on movie screens. See below!

1. The Hour of the Star (1985)

(Source: Embrafilme/Reproduction)Source: Embrafilme

A star hour (1977) is one of the great novels of Clarice Lispector, and tells the story of Macabéa, a young woman who tries to find herself in the world after going through great family sorrows. The adaptation of the work was released in 1985 and considered one of the 100 best Brazilian films of all time by Brazilian Association of Film Critics (Hugs).

It was directed by Suzana Amaral and had Marcélia Cartaxo, José Dumont, Fernanda Montenegro, Tamara Taxman, Umberto Magnani and Dirce Militello in the cast.

2. dry lives (1963)

(Herbert Richers SA/Reproduction)(Fonte: Herbert Richers S.A./Reprodução)Fonte:  Herbert Richers S.A

dry lives debuted in 1963, bringing the story told by Graciliano Ramos in the year 1938. In the plot, viewers follow the life of a family of migrants, who cross the great northeastern hinterland in search of water to maintain their own survival.

The plot twists and the delicacy in expressing the characters’ feelings in detail made the film considered by the British Film Institute one of the 360 ​​mandatory works to compose a cinematheque. Directed by Nelson Pereira dos Santos, the feature was also elected the best film of the year during the 1965 Genoa Film Review.

3. Severe Death and Life (1977)

(Embrafilm/Reproduction)(Source: Embrafilme/Reproduction)Source: Embrafilme

Severe Death and Life depicts the poems from the writer’s book of the same name Joao Cabral de Melo Neto, released in 1955. The story revisits the anguish of Severino, a sertanejo who decides to leave his lands in search of a better life in Recife.

The film had Nilson Barbosa in the direction and Tânia Alves, José Dumont, Stênio Garcia, Luiz Mendonça, Elba Ramalho and Jofre Soares in the main cast.

4. The Car of Compadecida (2000)

(Columbia Tristar/Reproduction)(Source: Columbia Tristar/Reproduction)Source: Columbia Tristar

Considered one of the greatest classics of Brazilian cinema, The Car of Compadecida debuted in 2000, bringing millions of people around the world into contact with the story written by Ariano Suassuna in 1955.

In addition to having a great plot, with twists and turns in the lives of Chicó and João Grilo, the film has great names in its cast, such as Fernanda Montenegro, Selton Mello, Denise Fraga, Lima Duarte, Matheus Nachtergaele, among others.

5. Sand Captains (2011)

(Telecine/Playback)(Source: Telecine/Reproduction)Source: Telecine

Sand captains tells the sad story of a group of abandoned boys in Salvador, who found a solution to live under a warehouse, stealing to get food. The work, inspired by the book of George Loved, published in 1937, was directed by the writer’s granddaughter — Cecília Amado — as a way of celebrating the 100th anniversary of the author’s birth.

The film, whose screenplay was adapted by Hilton Lacerda, received good reviews from specialized critics around the world.

6. They Don’t Wear Black Tie (1981)

(Embrafilm/Reproduction)(Source: Embrafilme/Reproduction)Source: Embrafilme

They Don’t Wear Black Tie (1958) was released in 1981 as an adaptation of the work of the same name by the Italian-born Brazilian poet and actor, Gianfrancesco Guarnieri. The story takes place in a traditional Brazilian factory, where one of the employees decides to break the strike movement after discovering that his girlfriend is pregnant and is afraid of losing his job.

The events resulting from this decision take on epic proportions that affect all those around him. The feature was widely praised in Brazil and abroad, receiving a series of international awards.

7. Macunaima (1969)

(Embrafilm/Reproduction)(Source: Embrafilme/Reproduction)Source: Embrafilme

Launched in 1969, Macunaima (1928) is based on the work of Mario de Andrade, the famous Brazilian novelist. The story has a fantasy and comedy tone, in which the spectators follow the difficult figure of Macunaíma, who presents a series of inappropriate behaviors with his family and friends.

The fidelity to Mário’s book was highly praised by critics, making the feature also considered one of the 100 best Brazilian films of all time by Abraccine.

8. The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas (2001)

(Lumiere Pictures Brazil/Reproduction)(Source: Lumière Pictures Brasil/Reproduction)Cast: Lumiere Pictures Brasil

The Posthumous Memoirs of Bras Cubas is a classic of Brazilian literature that everyone has heard about at some point in high school. Narrating his own story after death, Brás Cubas recalls important moments of his existence, reflecting on many of his behaviors on Earth.

The book was written by Machado de Assis and published in 1881, while the adaptation was in charge of André Klotzel.

9. Meu Pé de Laranja Lime (2012)

(Imovision/Playback)(Source: Imovision/Reproduction)Source: Imovision

My Lime Orange Foot was released in 2012, again introducing the public to the story published by Jose Mauro de Vasconcelos in 1968. In the plot, we follow little Zezé, a six-year-old boy who uses his imagination to escape the sad reality in which he lives, full of aggression from his alcoholic father and a family without affection.

The film was directed by Marcos Bernstein and José de Abreu, with João Guilherme Ávila, Caco Ciocler, Eduardo Dascar, Fernanda Vianna, Pedro Valle Leônidas José and Julia de Victa in the main cast.

The work was also adapted twice for telenovela format. The first in 1980 and then in 1998.

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