The IT market came under pressure during the pandemic, when the Technology sector gained even more importance. Demand for professionals soared, but not all salaries grew with it. A study by the American consulting firm Foote Partners concluded that IT technicians with a background in technical courses, with more specific learning, are earning more than professionals trained in IT undergraduate courses.
According to Foote Partners, the biggest increase in the IT sector was for professionals specializing in risk analysis: 12% growth for the first half of 2021. The data is from the 3rd quarter edition of the 2021 IT Skills Demand and Pay report Trends Report.
But the study indicates that skills learned within the university are at a low: for about 546 technology-related degrees, salary bonuses dropped 6.6% — the lowest level in 7 years.
David Foote, CEO of Foote Partners, says that the increase in the offer of university courses in Technology ends up harming the demand for professionals with degrees.
For Luiz Mariano, founding partner of the Brazilian startup Flow – Executive Finders, which works in the recruitment of professionals in IT leadership positions, there is a “fight” between supply and demand that has always been present, but now the demand for technicians is exacerbated:
“While supply and demand are regulated, companies were looking for trained professionals with academic background. Ultimately, they always let go of some details. Now, companies need to give up more things, as competition is high, and some barriers that will not harm the professional’s performance come into question.”
Mariano also warns: for those who are looking for a job or immediately need a job, it is better to take a technical course.
Areas such as IT risk analysis are on the rise
Foote’s research indicates that some areas of IT are on the rise and pull the average salary bonus up.
The spotlight goes to two industries: risk analysis experts earned an average 21% salary bonus between January and July 2021. Already programmers more familiar with the Apache Pig language — a decade-old platform that analyzes datasets from Hadoop — had an average increase of 20% over the same period. Big data analytics professionals saw a similar increase.
Overall, the average wage increase in the IT market has almost reached the record mark set in Q3 2020 of 9.6%. The brand symbolizes the rise of the IT market during the pandemic. On the other hand, experts warn that professionals are overloaded and under pressure.
High salary bonuses, according to the author of the research, are directly associated with skills that the employee acquired during his/her working day. But they can be learned through technical courses.
Vivian de Olivera Preto, coordinator of the Senai School of Informatics, comments that the high salary is due to the search for operational jobs in the IT area, which is ahead of the so-called Industry 4.0:
What employs today is the industry. It has always been like that. But right now IT is the fashion profession, mainly because we’re in the middle of Industry 4.0. In it, the IT technician is indispensable, as he is responsible for streamlining and simplifying processes. Anyone who graduates in Technology today can work both in the fashion industry, with smart fabrics, and in the heavy chemical industry.
Senai has been operating for 3 years offering courses that focus on the rapid training of IT technicians. Vivian says that the institution’s objective, within the disciplines, is to offer situations of real problems in the labor market.
Change follows high demand in the pandemic, says professor
In 2021, the pandemic played a key role in changing the business model of companies and in the digital transformation. Today’s demand is way above any forecast. This is the assessment of André Insardi, TECH graduate professor at ESPM.
But the expert warns:
“However, they are not gaining these vacancies at the expense of graduates, but rather participating in this job market and gaining prominence, because obviously the number of people with this type of education has been increasing [sem graduação].”
However, a trend confirmed by experts heard by the Techblog and from the Foote Partners report, it’s that cybersecurity is on the rise. With the increase in cases of ransomware and DDoS intrusions, protecting users and large databases has become a priority. It is in this area that a diploma still makes the difference: the salary of professionals in the field increased by an average of 13%, despite having accumulated a 1.2% drop compared to 2020.
“Without a doubt, it’s still worth joining an IT university, so that young people don’t just specialize in one technology. People don’t know what will happen with the valorization of that technology in the market, which can leave them adrift”, says Insardi.