Google says that Fake News PL would make services “less useful and safe” in Brazil – Negócios – Tecnoblog

Google released, on the morning of this Friday (11), an open letter criticizing the Fake News PL. According to the company controlled by Alphabet Inc., the proposal circulating through the Chamber of Deputies could facilitate the action of “malicious” users who spread disinformation, in addition to making the company’s services and products less “useful and safe” in Brazil. .

Google (Image: Pawel Czerwinski/Unsplash)

The Fake News PL, or Bill 2630/2020, provides that platforms must provide the mechanisms used for the content moderation process. This includes social networks and network providers with over 2 million active users in Brazil.

According to Google’s note, the proposal would require the platform to provide details on “the training base of systems and methods” used to improve services, monitor violations and punish them – “which would significantly impair the ability to combat abuse and spam and protect our users from scams”, says the company.

Google claims that the Fake News PL will not actually help in the fight against false or misleading content. On the contrary: it would serve as a guide for “malicious agents” to manipulate the results of the platform’s search engine, bypassing protection mechanisms to climb the results ranking.

According to the company, the proposed law, if passed in the House, could harm the security of Google’s search engines, making it less secure and more susceptible to fraud and scams.

Fake News PL would also threaten YouTube

YouTube would also be vulnerable with the passing of the Fake News PL. If approved, the bill would provide “malicious agents” with information about the criteria adopted to reduce the circulation of content and accounts penalized by the video platform. “Based on this type of information, they could adapt their methods and content in order to deceive our systems”, evaluates Google.

YouTube (Image: Christian Wiediger/Unsplash)
YouTube would be threatened by PL from Fake News, according to Google (Image: Christian Wiediger/Unsplash)

As for the remuneration of journalists for the use of content on the internet, provided for in the text of the rapporteur and deputy Orlando Silva (PCdoB) in the Chamber, Google criticizes the lack of definition of the terms “use” and “content”. The platform cites a case where this could be harmful to the user:

“For example, search engines could end up being forced to pay any site that claims to produce journalistic content just for displaying small snippets of content, with related links to their indexed web pages.”

The measure would have a negative impact on smaller vehicles and on local journalism. In turn, this would decrease the plurality of sources. According to Google, it would also harm the “right with people’s interest in discovering all the knowledge available on the web through a simple search”.

The company claims that the current text of the PL may affect contracts of Brazilian companies with online advertising. This would obviously hurt Google’s revenue from this type of tool. But the platform cites that small businesses and media outlets would also be harmed. The Fake News PL prevents the use of consumer data by advertising tools, even with consent.

Other tech companies have already taken a stand against the current version of the Fake News PL. Facebook, Instagram, Mercado Livre and Twitter — in addition to Google itself — signed a joint letter in February criticizing the proposal. It would harm small businesses and the free internet, according to big tech.

All platforms criticize the text excerpt about the exposure of content moderation tools. Companies fear a torrent of lawsuits, which would lead them to punish fewer users, providing an online environment “unprotected from hate speech and misinformation”.

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