Nosebleeds are bleeding from the nose. If you occasionally get a nosebleed, maybe it could be because you are tired or overheated and it’s still only natural. But, what if the nosebleeds occur continuously? Is it because of exhaustion or heat?
Do not be considered trivial first, if the nosebleeds occur continuously. Nosebleeds that occur continuously may be due to serious illnesses.
Based on the journal website emedicine.medscape.com, here are 5 diseases that can cause nosebleeds
1. Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma
Based on the medscape journal, Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma is a malignant tumor of the nasopharynx, often occurs in adolescent boys aged 7-19 years.
Symptoms include blockage of the nose (80-90%) , nosebleeds that occur in one of the nostrils and continuously (45-60%) , headache (25%), and facial swelling (10-18%).
Sufferers Juvenile Nasopharyngeal AngiofibromaFirst-line therapy is usually performed surgically with the aim of removing as many tumors as possible. Ideally all tumors can be removed. But in some situations, depending on the spread of the tumor, total removal is not possible.
2. Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)
Same as Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia or AML is also a malignant disease, which is one type of bone marrow cancer that attacks the site of making new blood cells.
Common signs that a person has AML include weight loss, muscle fatigue, fever, excessive sweating at night, and decreased appetite.
According to cancer.org, AML causes the number of blood cells (red blood cells, white blood cells, and pieces of blood) to decrease. Decreased blood counts result in a number of symptoms including bruising on the skin, frequent and excessive nosebleedsand gum bleeding.
Usually, AML sufferers will get chemotherapy treatment.
3. Hemophilia B
Unlike the two above which are tumors and cancer, Hemophilia B is a genetic disorder due to lack of blood clotting factors.
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Based on the journal medscape, cases of hemophilia B occur in about 20% of a number of cases of hemophilia. In addition, based on surveys World Federation of Hemophilia (WFH) in 2010, there were 25,160 people with hemophilia B.
The main symptom of hemophilia B is bleeding. Bleeding can occur in various parts of the body including oral mucosa, gums, nose, urinary tract, knee joints, ankles and elbows, iliospoas muscles, calves and forearms.
To determine whether it really is suffering from Hemophilia B, the doctor will conduct a physical and laboratory examination to establish the diagnosis.
Also Read: Here are 8 Ways to Handle Nosebleeds Quickly and Effectively
4. Osle Weber Rendu Syndrome or Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT) is an abnormality in blood vessels that causes frequent bleeding. This disease is caused by a genetic mutation so that it can be inherited.
The main criteria for HHT are spontaneous and recurrent nosebleeds (90%)Skin telangiectase or dilation of small blood vessels (75%), liver and lung disorders (30%), and digestive system bleeding (15%).
Based on medscape, patients with HHT are treated with medical therapy and surgery aimed at reducing the amount of bleeding and minimizing the sequelae of damage to blood vessels that can develop in several organ systems.
Rhinoscleroma first discovered in 1877, according to the journal Medscape. Rhinoscleroma is a chronic granulomatous disease in the form of small nodules in the nose and often infects the upper respiratory system. This disease is caused by bacteria Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis.
The symptoms rhinoscleroma include nasal obstruction, changes in nose shape, difficulty breathing, and nosebleed.
Sufferers Rhinoscleroma bronchoscopy will be performed which has a role in the treatment of early symptoms. Treatment also includes long-term antimicrobial therapy tailored to age and sex and surgery on patients with symptoms of nasal obstruction, according to the journal. Medscape.
That’s 5 serious illnesses that one of the symptoms is a nosebleeds that occur continuously. If you feel something is wrong with the frequency of your nosebleeds, consult a doctor immediately.
Hopefully you don’t experience it!
Also Read: Don’t Panic, You Can Stop Your Nosebleeds in These 8 Easy Ways
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