Jakarta, IDN Times – Election Oversight Body (Bawaslu) launches 2020 Election Election Index (IKP) which has been renewed as well as 2020 Election Oversight. In data collected by Bawaslu states the level of election elections increased due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Chairman of Bawaslu Abhan explained that the IKP was made periodically in order to enter the factual verification stage for the support of individual candidates that will begin on June 24, 2020. The updated IKP data is somewhat different, because it is based on data from the field, both from the province to the sub-district.
“We hope it is valid to conduct early detection, because this is not based on samples but indeed taken from friends in the area,” Abhan said during the Launch of Election Oversight and IKP 2020 at the Bawaslu Building, Central Jakarta, Wednesday (24/6).
1. IKP was made to adjust to the COVID-19 pandemic conditions in all regions
Coordinator of the Supervision and Outreach Division of Bawaslu, Mochammad Afifuddin, explained that the Regional Election IKP was made by adjusting the conditions of the COVID-19 pandemic in all regions. Therefore from the context that was launched there is a pandemic context.
“In the update this time, Bawaslu includes the context of the pandemic that we have experienced in the past few months. This pandemic indeed really influences the organization of the elections,” he said.
2. There are 27 districts / cities that are very vulnerable during the 2020 elections
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Afif explained, in the Regional Election IKP as of June 2020 there were 27 regencies / cities that were indicated to be highly vulnerable in a pandemic context, 10 of which were Makassar City, Bone Bolango Regency, Bulungan Regency, Karawang Regency, Manado City, North Minahasa Regency, Tomohon City , Gowa Regency, Sijunjung Regency, and Sungai Penuh City.
In addition, 146 regencies / cities are indicated to be prone to being in a pandemic context and 88 municipalities are at a low vulnerable point. The aspects measured in the context of a pandemic are the election budget related to COVID-19, data related to COVID-19, local government support, community resistance to the holding of local elections, and obstacles to election control due to the COVID-19 outbreak.
Another thing that also stands out in a pandemic situation is the context of regional infrastructure, which is measured in two aspects, namely technology support and information systems owned by election organizers. In this context, Afif said, there were no districts / cities that were low-prone, 117 districts / cities indicated high prone and 144 medium-prone.
3. South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, and North Sulawesi are the provinces most vulnerable to the implementation of the 2020 Pikada
Afif explained, the 14 regions with the highest vulnerability in the context of regional infrastructure were South Manokwari Regency, Supiori Regency, Solok City, Sijunjung Regency, and Kepulauan Meranti District. Then Malinau Regency, North Morowali Regency, Membramo Raya Regency, Agam Regency, Siak Regency, Kotabaru Regency, Bone Bolango Regency, Aru Islands Regency, and Kaimana Regency.
“For the provincial level, there are three regions indicated to be highly vulnerable in the context of a pandemic, namely South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan and North Sulawesi. While the two provinces indicated low risk, namely West Sumatra and Riau Islands. Then four provinces in the medium vulnerable point, namely Central Sulawesi, North Kalimantan, Bengkulu, and Jambi, “he said.
“This is part of our efforts to mitigate or prevent potential vulnerabilities not to occur as our Bawaslu’s authority maps and anticipates,” he added.
For information, Bawaslu launched the IKP Pilkada 2020 last February, this being the first update of the three planned updates. The second update is planned to be launched in September 2020 with an emphasis on contestation. While the latest update is planned to be carried out November 2020 which further highlights participation.
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