A star in the universe can undergo phases when they will lose their energy. Stars that have lost this energy source are called dead stars. Usually, a dead star can become a black hole or black holes which are currently still mysterious.
If stars can die, what about planets? Can planets, including Earth, experience a phase of death? If so, what is the process? If you’re curious, read it to the end, let’s!
1. Stars are different from planets
As noted on the page NASA, planets and stars have very different characteristics. Planets and stars alike seem to glow, but planets cannot produce their own light.
Light that radiates on the planet is reflected from starlight, for example the Earth that looks radiant due to sunlight. Meanwhile, stars can produce their own light. That’s why when viewed from Earth, starlight is always flickering.
Most of the stars in the universe are so massive that they have enormous gravitational forces. The biggest star in our solar system is of course the Sun.
Oh yes, there is one unique character possessed by a star, which is an inverse comparison between mass and life span. The greater the mass of a star, the shorter the life span of the star. Conversely, the smaller its mass, the longer its life span.
2. Despite having different characters from stars, planets can still die
Basically, objects that have mass and are influenced by the fundamental forces of nature, these objects cannot last forever. Even if an outer space object is dead, they will still produce gravity.
Basically, particles that have mass must also have their own attractive force or gravity. Likewise with planets and stars that have died though.
Page New Scientist notes that scientists have detected a dead planet that still surrounds a star that has also died. Some parts of space objects have become pieces and chunks of rock that are dense and have considerable gravity.
These findings prove that both stars and planets can experience a phase of death. However, in massive stars, their death can produce an object with massive gravity, that is, a black hole or black hole.
Also Read: 5 Interesting Facts about Planet Jupiter, the Largest Planet in the Solar System
3. What about the Earth? Is the Earth an old planet?
Typically, planets that depend on a large star will have a lifetime that will also depend on that star. Planet Earth, for example, our planet is very dependent on life from the Sun.
Continue reading the article below
Now, if the Sun dies, the planets that are close to the Sun will also die. Basically, nobody knows when planet Earth will die. However, page Space notes that the Sun still has enough energy and fuel for the next 5 billion years.
With these predictions, the Earth will also die in 5 billion years in the future. Not only Earth, the planets in our solar system will also slowly die because everything depends on the Sun.
The age of the Earth itself is actually still relatively young, which is around 4.5 billion years. Of course this age is still relatively young when compared to other planets that are over 8 billion years old. In fact, there are stars and planets whose age is close to the age of the universe, which is in the range of 13 billion years.
4. There is a birth of a new planet which is only 355 light years from Earth
Recorded on the page IFL Science that scientists believe they are witnessing the formation of a new planet only 355 light years from Earth.
This phenomenon is the phenomenon that was first discovered and observed by astronomers through space telescopes. First observed in 2013, the planet called HD 100546 was formed from a lump of gas similar to the gas forming planet Jupiter in ancient times.
It is estimated, the size of the new planet will be several times larger than Jupiter. The scientific study of the formation of the new planet was written in Astrophysical Journal, which concludes that the planet is currently in its formation stage and has orbited its parent star.
What has been observed by scientists is a very rare event. Because the birth and death of a planet is indeed very rare. This is different from the death of stars which is predicted to occur more in the universe.
5. The universe can also die
Let alone planets, stars, solar systems and galaxies, this vast universe can also die someday. Live Science write that there are several scenarios predicted by scientists and astronomers regarding the death of the universe.
The first possibility is that there are many very massive black holes that will destroy and suck in the surrounding celestial objects. The second possibility is the loss of fundamental fundamental forces, one of which is gravity. If gravity is destroyed, the working system of the universe will also be destroyed.
The most probable last possibility is complete destruction and loss that will occur in the entire universe. If particles Higgs boson a very small one can wipe out a planet, how would it be if one day it appeared Higgs boson the greatest in the universe?
Higgs boson itself is a super-strong particle which is also called God Particle or God Particles. This great particle was discovered in 2012 and is considered to be the strongest particle in the universe.
The details of these particles are still largely a mystery until now. What is clear, if there are particles Higgs boson in a certain amount, that is enough to wipe out the universe.
Those are some scientific reviews about the death of planets and other celestial objects. What is clear, no one knows for sure when the Earth and the universe will be destroyed. Hope you can enrich your knowledge, yes!
Also Read: 5 Facts about the Inferno Planets, Planets nicknamed Hell
IDN Times Community is a media that provides a platform for writing.
All written works are the sole responsibility of the author.