This is one of those topics that ends up becoming something of an urban legend: almost everyone has heard a story about someone who felt sick after taking a pill. energy drink — and sometimes the report is about mixing it with alcohol. But after all, energetic is bad same? Find out more below.
Energetic drinks generally do not contain alcohol and are composed of high doses of caffeine (about 80 mg per dose, but up to 200 mg) and sugar (about twice as much as a regular soda), additives and stimulants such as guarana, the organic acid taurine — present in bile — the amino acid L-carnitine, naturally synthesized by humans, and glucuronolactone, a natural metabolite of glucose.
Although they are commonly confused with sports drinks, energetic are different. While sports drinks are designed to replenish fluids in the body (hydration), energetic are often used to improve mood and maintain focus.
When ingested, substances present in energetic drinks act by increasing alertness, attention and energy levels. But, at the same time, they also increase blood pressure, accelerate heart rate and breathing.
When energy is bad?
First of all, you need to know that energetic drinks are products intended for adults only, as there are no safe levels of use of the substances present in these beverages for children and adolescents.
However, according to the American Health Agency CDC (Centers for Disease Control), about half of teenagers in the United States report using energetic — and the marketing of many product brands is aimed precisely at high school and college students.
Among the most common symptoms presented after consumption of energetic drinks are anxiety and inability to sleep. However, according to science doctor Nicola Williams, in an article on the specialized website News-Medicalingestion of the product for long periods can lead to behavioral changes.
According to the expert, the high amount of caffeine in energy drinks are bad, as it has a diuretic effect, leading to loss of fluid in the form of urine. In high doses, it can cause intoxication, causing nausea, vomiting, heart palpitations, high blood pressure, convulsions and even psychosis — and can lead to death in the most extreme cases.
Some compositions of energetic still take Panax Ginseng which, according to Nicola, if consumed in excess, can lead to vaginal bleeding, diarrhea, severe headache and Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) – a rare and serious disorder of the skin and mucous membranes.
And then there’s the sugar issue: Harvard University research found that consuming high-sugar drinks of any type can lead to weight gain and increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and gout, as well as kidney and dental problems.
Energy drinks are bad with alcohol?
The short answer is yes. Studies suggest that mixing alcohol with energetic leads to higher alcohol intake than when it is consumed alone, due to the increased alertness caused by the intake of alcohol. energeticwhich masks the signs of drunkenness — which, in turn, leads to the belief that the individual may consume even more alcohol.
A study by the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NIH), in the United States, also stated that those who mix alcohol with energetic drinks is more likely to engage in dangerous behaviors, such as unwanted or unprotected sex, driving while intoxicated or riding with a drunk driver, and suffering alcohol-related injuries.
Energy drinks are bad for the heart?
A study published in the journal of the American Heart Association found that energetic drinks with caffeine alter the electrical activity of the heart and increase blood pressure.
The extent of these electrical changes in the heart is generally considered to be mild, but people who take certain medications or have certain heart conditions may be at an increased risk of experiencing fatal arrhythmia or irregular heartbeats, author Sachin Shah said. CNN Health.
What do energy manufacturers say?
According to the American Beverage Association, energy drinks are not bad, as many of its ingredients are also found in common foods and have been rigorously studied for safety. They claim that their drinks are just “natural dietary supplements”, subject to regulations that apply to food products.
According to the Harvard School of Public Health, energetic drinks may pose a health risk to vulnerable groups, including children, adolescents, pregnant women and people with medical conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
The institution warns that adults who choose to consume energetic should check the caffeine content on the label, avoid consumption of high doses (above 200 mg of caffeine) and use in conjunction with alcohol.
It is always good to remember that a visit to the doctor is essential to safely consume any substance.